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CSV engine mode for standard-compliant quote and comma parsing

MySQL CSV Storage Engine is non-standard with respect to embedded " and , character parsing. Fixing this issue unconditionally would break MySQL CSV format compatibility for any pre-existing user tables and for data exchange with other MySQL instances, but it would improve compatibility with other CSV producing/consuming tools.

To keep both MySQL and other tool compatibility, a new dynamic, global/session server variable csv_mode has been implemented. This variable allows an empty value (the default), and IETF_QUOTES.

If IETF_QUOTES is set, then embedded commas are accepted in quoted fields as-is, and a quote character is quoted by doubling it. In legacy mode embedded commas terminate the field, and quotes are quoted with a backslash.

Example

Table:

> CREATE TABLE albums (
`artist` text NOT NULL,
`album` text NOT NULL
) ENGINE=CSV DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8
;

Following example shows the difference in parsing for default and IETF_QUOTES csv_quotes.

> INSERT INTO albums VALUES ("Great Artist", "Old Album"),
("Great Artist", "Old Album \"Limited Edition\"");

If the variable csv_mode is set to empty value (default) parsed data will look like:

"Great Artist","Old Album"
"Great Artist","\"Limited Edition\",Old Album"

If the variable csv_mode is set to IETF_QUOTES parsed data will look like as described in CSV rules:

"Great Artist","Old Album"
"Great Artist","""Limited Edition"",Old Album"

Parsing the CSV file which has the proper quotes (shown in the previous example) can show different results:

With csv_mode set to empty value, parsed data will look like:

> SELECT * FROM albums;
The output could be similar to the following:

+--------------+--------------------+
| artist       | album              |
+--------------+--------------------+
| Great Artist | Old Album          |
| Great Artist | ""Limited Edition" |
+--------------+--------------------+
2 rows in set (0.02 sec)

With csv_mode set to IETF_QUOTES parsed data will look like:

mysql> SET csv_mode = 'IETF_QUOTES';
The output could be similar to the following:

Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

> SELECT * FROM albums;
The output could be similar to the following:

+--------------+-----------------------------+
| artist       | album                       |
+--------------+-----------------------------+
| Great Artist | Old Album                   |
| Great Artist | "Limited Edition",Old Album |
+--------------+-----------------------------+

Version Specific Information

  • Percona Server for MySQL 5.7.10-1: Feature ported from Percona Server for MySQL 5.6

System Variables

csv_mode

Option Description
Command-line Yes
Config file Yes
Scope Global, Session
Dynamic Yes
Data type SET
Default (empty string)
Range (empty string), IETF_QUOTES

Setting this variable is to IETF_QUOTES will enable the standard-compliant quote parsing: commas are accepted in quoted fields as-is, and quoting of " is changed from \\" to "". If the variable is set to empty value (the default), then the old parsing behavior is kept.