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Point-in-time recovery (PITR) backups

PITR maintains versions of your database from past timestamps, serving as a safeguard against data loss during various disasters, including database crashes, accidental data deletions, table drops, or unintended updates to multiple fields instead of a single one.

PITR complements on-demand and scheduled backup strategies by providing finer backup granularity with more specific recovery points for restoring data to the same cluster.

How it works

Restoring databases up to a specific moment in time involves retrieving data from a backup snapshot and replaying all subsequent events that occurred until a specified moment using log slices.

When PITR and backups are enabled (either on-demand or scheduled), Percona Everest starts capturing successive database logs at predefined intervals. As soon as the initial full backup is available, Everest can start restoring the database from these PITR logs.

Since Everest saves logs and streams them into your storage between scheduled task runs, scheduling frequent backups is not necessary. You can use the available logs in your storage to restore a backup to any moment between snapshots.

PITR upload intervals

By default, Everest uploads PITR logs every minute for MySQL databases and every ten minutes for MongoDB databases. If you wish to adjust these default intervals, you can easily do so through the Everest API.

Enable Point-in-time recovery


Before enabling PITR, go to Settings > Backup Storages and check that you have an available S3-compatible location for storing backups. Otherwise, create a backup location so Everest can store PITR artifacts for the database.

To enable PITR:

  1. On the Everest homepage, click Create Database to display the database creation wizard.
  2. Fill in the details of your database on the first steps of the wizard.
  3. Navigate to the Backups page, and make sure to enable and configure a backup schedule.
  4. Click Next to go to the Point-in-time recovery (PITR) page where you can enable PITR and specify a location for storing the PITR backups and logs.
  5. Complete the setup wizard to create the new database with PITR enabled.
  1. In the Databases view, select the database for which you want to enable PITR.
  2. Click the Actions menu next to the database, then click Edit.
  3. Navigate through the database configuration wizard to get to the Backups page where you can configure a backup schedule that will create an initial full backup required for PITR.
  4. Complete the setup wizard to schedule a full backup and enable PITR for the existing database.

Limitation for PostgreSQL

When performing point-in-time recovery (PITR) for PostgreSQL, it is important to consider the following limitation:

You may encounter issues with point-in-time recovery (PITR) when attempting to recover the database after the last transaction. PITR can get stuck in the Restoring state.

Check the timestamp of the last transaction

Connect to your database and run the following command:

select pg_last_committed_xact();

Expected output

(768,“2024-03-13 15:52:25.122746+00”,0);
It contains the global transaction identifier (GTID), timestamp and the status of the last transaction.


You can only recover data for the dates prior to this specific date.


You can follow these steps if your database cluster is stuck in the Restoring state:

  1. Check if your database cluster has been stuck because you have used a date after the last transaction:

    a. Find the recovery pod:

    kubectl get pod -n your-namespace

    The format of the recovery pod name is <cluster_name>-pgbackrest-restore-<XYZ>. The status of the recovery pod should be Running.

    b. Check the logs for the recovery pod:

    kubectl logs <restore_pod_name> -n your-namespace
    kubectl logs postgresql-kbi-pgbackrest-restore-8b95v -n your-namespace

    Check whether the log contains the following:

    FATAL: recovery ended before configured recovery target was reached

    In this case, the cluster is stuck during restoration because you used a date that was after the last transaction.

  2. Start an interactive bash shell inside the recovery pod:

    kubectl -n your-namespace exec <restore_pod_name> -it -- bash
    kubectl -n your-namespace exec postgresql-kbi-pgbackrest-restore-8b95v -it -- bash

    Delete the recovery.signalfile:

    rm pgdata/pg16/recovery.signal

    After a certain period, the recovery pod will self-destruct. The database cluster status will change from Restoring to Initializing and eventually to Up.

Next step

Restore backups

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