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Set up Percona Server for MongoDB cross-site replication

The cross-site replication involves configuring one MongoDB site as Main, and another MongoDB site as Replica to allow replication between them:

image

This feature can be useful in several cases:

  • simplify the migration of the MongoDB cluster to and from Kubernetes
  • add remote nodes to the replica set for disaster recovery

Prerequisites

  • Every node in Main and Replica clusters need to be reachable through network.
  • User credentials should be the same in each cluster.
  • TLS certificates should be the same in each cluster.

Glossary

  • Main cluster: The cluster which the primary node runs and accepts write traffic. It’s the managed cluster if it’s running on Kubernetes.
  • Replica cluster: The cluster which is configured to replicate from main cluster. It’s the unmanaged cluster if it’s running on Kubernetes.
  • Managed cluster: The cluster controlled by operator. The operator controls everything from Replica Set configuration to users credentials. It’s the default deployment of the operator.
  • Unmanaged cluster: The cluster controlled by operator but the operator isn’t responsible for managing Replica Set configuration .

Topologies

The Operator automates configuration of Main and Replica MongoDB sites, but the feature itself is not bound to Kubernetes. Either Main or Replica can run outside of Kubernetes, be regular MongoDB and be out of the Operators’ control.

You need to have a single Main cluster but you can have multiple Replica clusters as long as you don’t have more than 50 members in Replica Set. This limitation comes from MongoDB itself, for more information please check MongoDB docs .

Main and Replica clusters on Kubernetes

If you want both Main and Replica clusters to run on Kubernetes, overall steps will look like:

  1. Deploy the Main cluster on a Kubernetes cluster (or use an existing one)
  2. Get secrets from the Main cluster and apply them to the namespace in Kubernetes cluster to which you’ll deploy the Replica cluster
  3. Deploy Replica cluster on a Kubernetes cluster
  4. Add nodes from the Replica cluster to the Main cluster as external nodes

Main cluster on Kubernetes and Replica cluster outside of Kubernetes

If you want Main cluster to run on Kubernetes, but Replica cluster outside of Kubernetes, overall steps will look like:

  1. Deploy the Main cluster on a Kubernetes cluster (or use an existing one)
  2. Get TLS secrets from the Main cluster to configure the Replica cluster
  3. Deploy the Replica cluster on wherever you want
  4. Add nodes from the Replica cluster to the Main cluster as external nodes

Main cluster outside of Kubernetes and Replica cluster on Kubernetes

If you want Main cluster to run outside of Kubernetes but Replica cluster on Kubernetes, overall steps will look like:

  1. Deploy the Main cluster on wherever you want (or use an existing one)
  2. Get TLS certificates and create a Kubernetes Secret with them
  3. Get user credentials and create a Kubernetes Secret with them
  4. Deploy the Replica cluster on a Kubernetes cluster
  5. Add nodes from the Replica cluster to the Main cluster using Mongo client

Exposing instances of the MongoDB cluster

You need to expose all Replica Set nodes (including Config Servers) through a dedicated Service to ensure that both the Main and the Replica can reach each other, like in a full mesh:

image

Note

Starting from v1.14, the Operator configures the replset using local DNS hostnames even if the replset is exposed. If you want to have IP addresses in the replset configuration to achieve a multi-cluster deployment, you need to set clusterServiceDNSMode to External.

This is done through the replsets.expose, sharding.configsvrReplSet.expose, and sharding.mongos.expose sections in the deploy/cr.yaml configuration file as follows.

spec:
  replsets:
  - rs0:
    expose:
      enabled: true
      exposeType: LoadBalancer
    ...
  sharding:
    configsvrReplSet:
      expose:
        enabled: true
        exposeType: LoadBalancer
      ...

The above example is using the LoadBalancer Kubernetes Service object, but there are other options (ClusterIP, NodePort, etc.).

Note

The above example will create a LoadBalancer per each Replica Set Pod. In most cases, this Load Balancer should be internet-facing for cross-region replication to work.

To list the endpoints assigned to Pods, list the Kubernetes Service objects by executing kubectl get services -l "app.kubernetes.io/instance=CLUSTER_NAME" command.

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Last update: 2024-07-23