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3 Insert sample data

The next step after connecting to the cluster is to insert some sample data to PostgreSQL.

Create a schema

Every database in PostgreSQL has a default schema called public. A schema stores database objects like tables, views, indexes and allows organizing them into logical groups.

When you create a table, it ends up in the public schema by default. In recent PostgreSQL versions (starting from PostgreSQL 15), non-database owners cannot access the public schema. Therefore, you need to create a new schema to insert the data.

Use the following statement to create a schema

CREATE SCHEMA demo;

Create a table

After you created a schema, all tables you create end up in this schema if not specified otherwise.

At this step, we will create a sample table Library as follows:

CREATE TABLE LIBRARY(
   ID INTEGER NOT NULL,
   NAME TEXT,
   SHORT_DESCRIPTION TEXT,
   AUTHOR TEXT,
   DESCRIPTION TEXT,
   CONTENT TEXT,
   LAST_UPDATED DATE,
   CREATED DATE
);

Tip

If the schema has not been automatically set to the one you created, set it manually using the following SQL statement:

SET schema 'demo';

Replace the demo schema name with your value if you used another name.

Insert the data

PostgreSQL does not have the built-in support to generate random data. However, it provides the random() function which generates random numbers and generate_series() function which generates the series of rows and populates them with the numbers incremented by 1 (by default).

Combine these functions with a couple of others to populate the table with the data:

INSERT INTO LIBRARY(id, name, short_description, author,
                              description,content, last_updated, created)
SELECT id, 'name', md5(random()::text), 'name2'
      ,md5(random()::text),md5(random()::text)
      ,NOW() - '1 day'::INTERVAL * (RANDOM()::int * 100)
      ,NOW() - '1 day'::INTERVAL * (RANDOM()::int * 100 + 100)
FROM generate_series(1,100) id;

This command does the following:

  • Fills in the columns id, name, author with the values id, name and name2 respectively;
  • generates the random md5 hash sum as the values for the columns short_description, description and content;
  • generates the random number of dates from the current date and time within the last 100 days, and
  • inserts 100 rows of this data

Now your cluster has some data in it.

Next steps

Make a backup

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Last update: 2024-06-13