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Using the Key Management Interoperability Protocol (KMIP)

Version added: 5.0.7-6

Percona Server for MongoDB adds support for secure transfer of keys using the OASIS Key Management Interoperability Protocol (KMIP). The KMIP implementation was tested with the PyKMIP server and the HashiCorp Vault Enterprise KMIP Secrets Engine.

KMIP enables the communication between key management systems and the database server. KMIP provides the following benefits:

  • Streamlines encryption key management
  • Eliminates redundant key management processes

Starting with version 5.0.9-8, you can specify multiple KMIP servers for failover. On startup, Percona Server for MongoDB connects to the servers in the order listed and selects the one with which the connection is successful.

Starting with version 5.0.11-10, the kmipKeyIdentifier option is no longer mandatory. When left blank, the database server creates a key on the KMIP server and uses that for encryption. When you specify the identifier, the key with such an ID must exist on the key storage.


Starting with version 5.0.17-14, the master key is stored in a raw-byte format. If you set up Percona Server for MongoDB 5.0.17-14 with data-at-rest encryption using KMIP and wish to downgrade to some previous version, this downgrade is not possible via binary replacement. Consider using the logical backup and restore via Percona Backup for MongoDB for this purpose.

KMIP parameters

Configuration file security.kmip.serverName
Command line kmipServerName
Type string
Description The hostname or IP address of the KMIP server. As of version 4.2.21-21, multiple KMIP servers are supported as the comma-separated list, e.g.,
Configuration file security.kmip.port
Command line kmipPort
Type number
Description The port used to communicate with the KMIP server. When undefined, the default port 5696 is used
Configuration file security.kmip.serverCAFile
Command line kmipServerCAFile
Type string
Description The path to the certificate of the root authority that issued the certificate for the KMIP server. Required only if the root certificate is not trusted by default on the machine the database server works on.
Configuration file security.kmip.clientCertificateFile
Command line kmipClientCertificateFile
Type string
Description The path to the PEM file with the KMIP client private key and the certificate chain. The database server uses this PEM file to authenticate the KMIP server
Configuration file security.kmip.keyIdentifier
Command line kmipKeyIdentifier
Type string
Description Optional starting with version 5.0.11-10. The identifier of the KMIP key. If not specified, the database server creates a key on the KMIP server and saves its identifier internally for future use. When you specify the identifier, the key with such an ID must exist on the key storage. You can only use this setting for the first time you enable encryption.
Configuration file security.kmip.rotateMasterKey
Command line kmipRotateMasterKey
Type boolean
Description Controls master keys rotation. When enabled, generates the new master key version and re-encrypts the keystore. Available as of version 5.0.8-7.
Configuration file security.kmip.clientCertificatePassword
Command line kmipClientCertificatePassword
Type string
Description The password for the KMIP client private key or certificate. Use this parameter only if the KMIP client private key or certificate is encrypted. Available starting with version 5.0.9-8.
Configuration file security.kmip.connectRetries
Command line kmipConnectRetries
Type int
Description Defines how many times to retry the initial connection to the KMIP server. The max number of connection attempts equals to connectRetries + 1. Default: 0. The option accepts values greater than zero.

Use it together with the connectTimeoutMS parameter to control how long mongod waits for the response before making the next retry.
Configuration file security.kmip.connectTimeoutMS
Command line kmipConnectTimeoutMS
Type int
Description The time to wait for the response from the KMIP server. Min value: 1000. Default: 5000.

If the connectRetries setting is specified, the mongod waits up to the value specified with connectTimeoutMS for each retry.

Key rotation

Starting with release 5.0.8-7, the support for master key rotation is added. This enables users to comply with data security regulations when using KMIP.



Make sure you have obtained the root certificate, and the keypair for the KMIP server and the mongod client. For testing purposes you can use the OpenSSL to issue self-signed certificates. For production use we recommend you use the valid certificates issued by the key management appliance.


To enable data-at-rest encryption in Percona Server for MongoDB using KMIP, edit the /etc/mongod.conf configuration file as follows:

  enableEncryption: true
    serverName: <kmip_server_name>
    port: <kmip_port>
    clientCertificateFile: </path/client_certificate.pem>
    clientKeyFile: </path/client_key.pem>
    serverCAFile: </path/ca.pem>
    keyIdentifier: <key_name>

Alternatively, you can start Percona Server for MongoDB using the command line as follows:

$ mongod --enableEncryption \
  --kmipServerName <kmip_servername> \
  --kmipPort <kmip_port> \
  --kmipServerCAFile <path_to_ca_file> \
  --kmipClientCertificateFile <path_to_client_certificate> \
  --kmipClientKeyFile <path_to_client_private_key> \
  --kmipKeyIdentifier <kmip_identifier>

Minor upgrade of Percona Server for MongoDB to version 5.0.11-10 and higher

With the kmipKeyIdentifier option becoming optional in version 5.0.11-10, the standard upgrade procedure doesn’t work if you are upgrading from version 5.0.10-9 and earlier.

For Percona Server for MongoDB 5.0.13-11 and higher, follow the standard upgrade procedure

This section provides upgrade instructions from Percona Server for MongoDB 5.0.10-9 or lower to Percona Server for MongoDB version 5.0.11-10 and higher.

For a single-node deployment, use the mongodump / mongorestore tools to make a backup before the update and to restore from it after binaries are updated.

For replica sets, data must be re-encrypted with the new key during the upgrade. Go through the encrypting existing data steps but perform the minor upgrade between steps 1 and 2 to replace the mongod binary.

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